CNC Router [ CNCCookbook Complete Guide ]
CNC Router users, this is your CNCCookbook home page for information and resources on your favorite wood cnc machine.
What is a CNC Router?
CNC Routers are a type of CNC Machine that is characterized by a larger flat bed where the material you’re cutting is laid and a spindle that travels over the work material on a gantry (2 rails at 90 degrees to one another). In lower-end machines, that spindle is often a hand-held router, hence the name CNC Router.
You can see the two rails and the De Walt trim router in this photo very clearly:
CNC Routers are sometimes referred to as Gantry Mills because they are milling machines and the crossed rails create a Gantry that carries the spindle around an XY coordinate space. The motion of the spindle is controlled by a computer. CNC stands for computer numerical control.
These CNC machines are broadly capable of milling, drilling, engraving, carving, and cutting the material you’re working with. They can cut accurate parts, but where they really excel is in things like carving and engraving which are hard to do any other way.
What is a CNC Router used for?
CNC Routers can work on wide but not very high dimensions. The Shapeoko CNC Router pictured above has a work envelope of X = 17.5″, Y = 17.5″, and Z = 4″. So they are typically used to make relatively flat things, like signs. In fact, they’re great for wood working and plastics in general. Sometimes they’re even referred to as CNC Wood Routers.
They can also be used to cut metal, although non-gantry CNC Mills are often better at maintaining tight tolerances required by metal parts.
How much does a CNC Router cost?
At the very low end, they can be less than $1000. At the opposite end of the scale, huge industrial machines intended to cut metal can be very expensive indeed. They easily run way over $100,000.
The most expensive machines generally fall into the category of metal-cutting CNC Routers like the Haas GR-series and machines designed to almost completely automate wood-cutting tasks like the Thermwood Auto-Processor. These kinds of machines may have multiple cutting heads as well as larger tables and automatic loading systems.
Check out our article on How Much Do CNC Machines Cost to learn more.
Haas GR-Series Gantry Mill. Note size of control panel at right.
What’s the difference between a CNC Mill and a CNC Router
The primary difference is the crossed rail gantry. A CNC Router is a type of CNC Mill, often called a Gantry Mill when you want to emphasize the relationship. To really compare the two and see which might make sense for you, check out our CNC Mill vs Router article.
CNC Router Training and Techniques
CNC Router Essential Training Resources
- CNC Router Aluminum Cutting: 11 Easy Tips
- CNC Router Feeds and Speeds Training Video
- Stop Breaking Cutters on Small Machines!
- CNC Router Bits and How to Use Them
- How to Survive Your First CNC Router Fire
- CNC Machining Plywood + Router Tips to Avoid Tearout and Splintering
- What Now: My CNC Won’t Go Slow Enough or Fast Enough?
CNC Router Feeds and Speeds Calculator
This is software that will make anyone a Better CNC’er, plus it has a number of exclusive features designed specifically for CNC Router users:
- Giant Wood Species Database to fine tune your feeds and speeds.
- Support for special CNC Router cutters like downcut, compression, and more.
- Support for vacuum tables.
And much more.
DIY CNC Router
Everything you need to know to build your own DIY CNC Router
- DIY CNC Complete Guide: This is our home page for DIY CNC’ers. It goes over 4 machines you could build including DIY CNC Routers.
- Complete CNC Router Parts [DIY Guide]: Take apart the anatomy of a CNC Router from stepper motors to spindles. Learn what each part does and drill down for even more information on each part.
- Shapeoko DIY CNC Router Kit Review: So easy to build and you wind up with a pretty slick machine.
Affordable CNC Router
Help Selecting and Using an Affordable CNC Router
So DIY is too much work but an industrial cnc router is out of the budget. You need to find the best value. Take heart, Affordable CNC Routers are available and they’re quite good!
Industrial CNC Router
CNC Router Projects
CNC Router DXF Files and Plans
More CNC Router Resources
Click through to see our giant collection of CNC Router articles. Every article from our blog that relates to CNC Routers is here.
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Recently updated on June 2nd, 2023 at 10:13 am
Bob is responsible for the development and implementation of the popular G-Wizard CNC Software. Bob is also the founder of CNCCookbook, the largest CNC-related blog on the Internet.