Deliverable: Removal of burrs and machining marks plus final surface finish.
Deburring and various kinds of abrasive processes are commonly used in the final stages of part finishing. A variety of techniques are involved including:
- Precision Grinding: In some cases, where high tolerances must be maintained beyond what the CNC machine is capable of, a precision grinding process using a surface grinder or cylindrical grinder may be required.
- Deburring: Deburring involves not just the removal of burrs, but also the breaking of sharp edges. A variety of tools may be used including die grinders, deburring scrapers, files, and various stones.
- Vibratory Polishing: This processes uses rotating or vibrating tumblers along with a variety of media to deburr, remove tooling marks, and even to polish parts. It's convenient because you can put the parts in the tumbler, turn them on, and go do something else.
- Bead Blasting: This is a very popular processes that uses compressed air to blast an abrasive media at the material. Bead Blasting is typically done inside a Blast Cabinet.
- Filing: File work is something commonly taught to apprentice machinists. There is an art to using a file well, but a good file can be very efficient.
- Stoning: Stones, often used in conjunction with some sort of oil, can do a good job deburring and knocking off edges.
- Grinders and Buffers may be used. Belt Grinders, Disc Grinders, and stationary buffers as well as die grinders are all useful finishing tools.
There are more tools available. In addition, it is often possible to use tools like Chamfer and Corner Rounding End Mills to do deburring right on the CNC machine.