5 months by cncdivi

Selecting Laser Sintering, otherwise known as Laser Sintering, is a feature presently found in costly industrial 3D printers. However, this technology has been inaccessible to affordable 3D printers primarily due to various patent rights. We witnessed a similar situation with Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM), the extruded plastic filament technology. Shapeways’ Duann Scott stated that when the associated patents expired, the price of FDM printers decreased dramatically from $14,000 to some now selling for as little as $300. Furthermore, the central patents concerning Laser Sintering technology are set to start expiring from 2014 onwards.

Laser Sintering works by applying powder in layers and then using a laser to fuse the powder selectively into a solid.  There are several advantages Laser Sintering has over today’s FDM technology.  For example, no support structures are needed by laser sintering because the walls that would need to be supported are surrounded at all times by powdered material.  Laser Sintering is compatible with a much wider range of materials than FDM as well, and has even been used to create metal parts from steel, titanium, and various other alloys.  Laser Sintering of metals requires a more power laser than sintering plastics though, so don’t look for a $300 3D Metal Printer any time soon.  As mentioned in the title of our article, Laser Sintering is also capable of higher resolution than the average FDM process.

Laser Sintering builds a part layer by layer.  Typically there is a powder bed and a part floor.  These move in opposite directions.  When a layer is fused, the powder bed is raised and the part floor is lowered to expose a new layer of powder so the subsequent part layer may be fused.  There is typically a roller that moves across the top of the powder to make sure it is level.  Here is a schematic of the process from Wikipedia:

laser sintering 3D printing

Parts can be made that have good quality finish (FDM is typically a pretty rough finish) and accuracy:

laser sintered part

Image Credit: Laser Prototypes Europe

There have been a small number of DIY experimenters who’ve tried Laser Sintering such as the Octocat, but we can expect that number to grow exponentially as the patents expire and companies get excited about competing for the low end.  Relatively inexpensive laser diodes can power a laser sintering printer aimed at plastic powders.

It’s going to be very exciting to gain access to another high resolution 3D printing process.

 

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