Free Lathe Feeds and Speeds Calculator [ Turning ]

1 month by cncdivi

Free Lathe Speeds and Feeds Calculator

Awesome! You’ve found not one but two Free Lathe Speeds and Feeds Calculators on this page.  Either may be used to calculate turning feeds and speeds.  So use one to determine the spindle speed (RPM) and feed rate (IPM) for a turning operation.

In some turning operations, the diameter of the workpiece will change so the spindle speed rpm and cutting speed (SFM) must change as well.

We offer both a free lathe feeds and speeds calculator using simple shop formulas, and also a free (for a limited time) full-featured calculator that is the industry leading lathe speeds and feeds calculator.  It’s used daily by thousands of the world’s best manufacturers.

They know what they’re doing and wouldn’t waste time or money if the software didn’t work.

The thing is, why use the simple turning speeds and feeds calculator lathe when you could grab our full-featured G-Wizard Lathe Feeds and Speeds Calculator completely free for 30 days?

It takes just 37 seconds to download and start using G-Wizard.  It costs you nothing and you can get great feeds and speeds from it for the next 30 days.  If you want to go back to our free online calculator after that, no worries.

You may as well drive the high-performance model as long as it’s free, right?


Click on the Version of G-Wizard Best Suited to Your Needs:





Or, just use our simple online lathe feeds and speeds calculator below.  It covers OD Turning and ID Boring turning operations.

Lathe Speed and Feeds Calculator

Lathe RPM Calculator

Part Cut Diameter

Surface Speed:

SFM (see table below for SFM values).  To learn what is SFM and how to go from SFM to RPM, click this link.

Note:  If you’re using CSS, don’t forget to set a maximum speed for your spindle.  Spindle speeds can get pretty crazy if you are cutting at a small workpiece diameter.

Spindle Speed:

Spindle Speed RPM Formula = (12 * SurfaceSpeed) / (PI * Cut Diameter) (Formula for finding turning speeds)

Lathe Feed Rate Calculator

Spindle Speed:

Feed/Revolution (Chip Load):
IPT (inches / revolution)

Feed Rate:

IPM (inches / minute)

Feed Rate Formula = Chip Load * RPM

Note:  The Surface Speed and Chip Load tables below assume the tool material is carbide.  If your tool material is High Speed Steel (HSS), you can look up the values on the Internet or just use G-Wizard which has them built in.

Turning Surface Speeds for Carbide Insert Tooling
Workpiece Material
Surface Speed (SFM)
Aluminum – Wrought (6061) 1800
Brass 1200
Cast Iron – Ductile 645
Cast Iron – Gray 650
Copper Alloy – Wrought 1200
Magnesium Alloy 1650
Stainless Steel 400
Steel – Mild 800
Steel – Hard Alloy 400
Steel – Tool 400
Titanium 200
Turning Chip Loads for Carbide Inserts
Workpiece Material
Chip Load (IPT)
Aluminum – Wrought (6061) 0.010 – 0.018
Brass 0.005 – 0.010
Cast Iron – Ductile 0.008 – 0.012
Cast Iron – Gray 0.008 – 0.015
Copper Alloy – Wrought 0.004 – 0.01
Magnesium Alloy 0.010 – 0.018
Stainless Steel 0.008 – 0.014
Steel – Mild 0.010 – 0.014
Steel – Hard Alloy 0.008 – 0.012
Steel – Tool 0.002 – 0.010
Titanium 0.002 – 0.006

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we built a powerful cutting physics engine with advanced algorithms
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Improve My Feeds and Speeds For

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Wondering how to calculate the feed rate for turning?  Perhaps so you can create your own spreadsheet?

Feed Calculations for feed rates for turning are simple, but getting real-world feeds and speeds is quite a bit harder.  We give you all the basic formulas in our free online Feeds and Speeds Course to figure out speed and feed for your turning operation.  As a matter of fact, there is information for most machining operations.

Multiple factors can affect the spindle speed (RPM) when milling steel.  These include:

The type of steel:

  • Overall hardness
  • Heat treatment
  • Alloying composition

THe type of tooling:

  • Material (HSS, carbide, etc.)
  • Operation:  Turning, Parting Off, etc.

Other Factors:

  • Use of coolant.

Most specialty steel manufacturers will make available machining information if it is not a common steel variant.  Just lookup the surface speed and use the standard formula to convert surface speed to spindle speed (rpms).  Or, you can figure the spindle speed from the surface speed using the free calculator above.

The Spindle Speed RPM formula is:

Spindle Speed RPM = (12 * Surface Speed) / (PI * Cut Diameter)

Surface Speed will be something you look up (see the table above), and Cut Diameter is the diameter of the material you're cutting.  That's all you need to calculate Spindle Speed.

RPM is essentially the spindle speed for the lathe.  Use the formula above under "How do you calculate rpm for a lathe?"  to figure out the best RPM or spindle speed

The feed rate can be calculated by this formula:

     Feed Rate Formula = Chip Load * RPM

The chip load is based on the material and can be looked up in a table such as the chip load table above.

That simple formula will give you the appropriate feed rate to run your lathe.

Right here!

Both G-Wizard and our free online turning speeds and feeds calculator above have Titanium listed in their workpiece material lists.


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Recently updated on April 19th, 2024 at 05:37 am