4 months by cncdivi
Free Lathe Speeds and Feeds Calculator
Awesome! You’ve found not one but two Free Lathe Speeds and Feeds Calculators on this page. Either may be used to calculate turning feeds and speeds. So use one to determine the spindle speed (RPM) and feed rate (IPM) for a turning operation.
In some turning operations, the diameter of the workpiece will change so the spindle speed rpm and cutting speed (SFM) must change as well.
We offer both a free lathe feeds and speeds calculator using simple shop formulas, and also a free (for a limited time) fullfeatured calculator that is the industry leading lathe speeds and feeds calculator. It’s used daily by thousands of the world’s best manufacturers.
They know what they’re doing and wouldn’t waste time or money if the software didn’t work.
The thing is, why use the simple turning speeds and feeds calculator lathe when you could grab our fullfeatured GWizard Lathe Feeds and Speeds Calculator completely free for 30 days?
It takes just 37 seconds to download and start using GWizard. It costs you nothing and you can get great feeds and speeds from it for the next 30 days. If you want to go back to our free online calculator after that, no worries.
You may as well drive the highperformance model as long as it’s free, right?
Click on the Version of GWizard Best Suited to Your Needs:
Or, just use our simple online lathe feeds and speeds calculator below. It covers OD Turning and ID Boring turning operations.
Lathe Speed and Feeds Calculator
Lathe RPM Calculator
Part Cut Diameter
>
inches
Surface Speed:
SFM (see table below for SFM values). To learn what is SFM and how to go from SFM to RPM, click this link.
Note: If you’re using CSS, don’t forget to set a maximum speed for your spindle. Spindle speeds can get pretty crazy if you are cutting at a small workpiece diameter.
Spindle Speed:
>
RPM
Spindle Speed RPM Formula = (12 * SurfaceSpeed) / (PI * Cut Diameter) (Formula for finding turning speeds)
Lathe Feed Rate Calculator
Spindle Speed:
>
RPM
Feed/Revolution (Chip Load):
>
IPT (inches / revolution)
Feed Rate:
IPM (inches / minute)
Feed Rate Formula = Chip Load * RPM
Note: The Surface Speed and Chip Load tables below assume the tool material is carbide. If your tool material is High Speed Steel (HSS), you can look up the values on the Internet or just use GWizard which has them built in.
Turning Surface Speeds for Carbide Insert Tooling


Workpiece Material

Surface Speed (SFM)

Aluminum – Wrought (6061)  1800 
Brass  1200 
Cast Iron – Ductile  645 
Cast Iron – Gray  650 
Copper Alloy – Wrought  1200 
Magnesium Alloy  1650 
Stainless Steel  400 
Steel – Mild  800 
Steel – Hard Alloy  400 
Steel – Tool  400 
Titanium  200 
Turning Chip Loads for Carbide Inserts


Workpiece Material

Chip Load (IPT)

Aluminum – Wrought (6061)  0.010 – 0.018 
Brass  0.005 – 0.010 
Cast Iron – Ductile  0.008 – 0.012 
Cast Iron – Gray  0.008 – 0.015 
Copper Alloy – Wrought  0.004 – 0.01 
Magnesium Alloy  0.010 – 0.018 
Stainless Steel  0.008 – 0.014 
Steel – Mild  0.010 – 0.014 
Steel – Hard Alloy  0.008 – 0.012 
Steel – Tool  0.002 – 0.010 
Titanium  0.002 – 0.006 
Hang on: You Deserve Better!
Software that makes anyone a better CNC’er… Even beginners:
Better Tool Life, Surface Finish, and MRR with GWizard
It took years, we analyzed data from over 250 tooling catalogs,
we built a powerful cutting physics engine with advanced algorithms
that considers almost 60 different variables,
and we worked with over 50,000 CNC’ers
like yourself to make sure you’d have
FAQs
How to Calculate Feed Rate for Turning?
Wondering how to calculate the feed rate for turning? Perhaps so you can create your own spreadsheet?
Feed Calculations for feed rates for turning are simple, but getting realworld feeds and speeds is quite a bit harder. We give you all the basic formulas in our free online Feeds and Speeds Course to figure out speed and feed for your turning operation. As a matter of fact, there is information for most machining operations.
What RPM should you mill steel?
Multiple factors can affect the spindle speed (RPM) when milling steel. These include:
The type of steel:
 Overall hardness
 Heat treatment
 Alloying composition
THe type of tooling:
 Material (HSS, carbide, etc.)
 Operation: Turning, Parting Off, etc.
Other Factors:
 Use of coolant.
Most specialty steel manufacturers will make available machining information if it is not a common steel variant. Just lookup the surface speed and use the standard formula to convert surface speed to spindle speed (rpms). Or, you can figure the spindle speed from the surface speed using the free calculator above.
How do you calculate rpm for a lathe?
The Spindle Speed RPM formula is:
Spindle Speed RPM = (12 * Surface Speed) / (PI * Cut Diameter)
Surface Speed will be something you look up (see the table above), and Cut Diameter is the diameter of the material you're cutting. That's all you need to calculate Spindle Speed.
What RPM should I use on my metal lathe?
RPM is essentially the spindle speed for the lathe. Use the formula above under "How do you calculate rpm for a lathe?" to figure out the best RPM or spindle speed
What is the formula for the feed rate of a lathe?
The feed rate can be calculated by this formula:
Feed Rate Formula = Chip Load * RPM
The chip load is based on the material and can be looked up in a table such as the chip load table above.
That simple formula will give you the appropriate feed rate to run your lathe.
Where can I find a free titanium turning speeds and feeds calculator?
Right here!
Both GWizard and our free online turning speeds and feeds calculator above have Titanium listed in their workpiece material lists.
More Feeds and Speeds Calculators
Like what you read on CNCCookbook?
Join 100,000+ CNC'ers! Get our latest blog posts delivered straight to your email inbox once a week for free. Plus, we’ll give you access to some great CNC reference materials including:
 Our Big List of over 200 CNC Tips and Techniques
 Our Free GCode Programming Basics Course
 And more!
Just enter your name and email address below:
100% Privacy: We will never Spam you!
Recently updated on July 24th, 2024 at 10:14 am
Bob is responsible for the development and implementation of the popular GWizard CNC Software. Bob is also the founder of CNCCookbook, the largest CNCrelated blog on the Internet.