CNCCookbook: Software and Information for Macihnists

Free CNC Software

6 kinds of software to make
CNC faster and easier for you



Join 40,000+ CNC Enthusiasts and get free updates whenever we publish a new article:



G-Wizard Calculator:
Fast, Easy, Reliable Feeds and Speeds


Get a Second Opinion on Your G-Code






Building a Manual Stepper Controller

Here is the original circuit presented by Mariss Freimanis on the Yahoo CAD CAM DRO group:

I modified the original circuit slightly to accept Step In and Direction In inputs so that you can use the controller in conjunction with other sources of stepper pulses. For example, you could run the Step/Dir connections from a CNC breakout card to these inputs and be able to run either CNC or Manual control.

Here is the revised schematic (developed with's free software):

Manual Stepper Motor Controller Schematic


This circuit is untested and unsupported. Use at your own risk. I haven't even built it, and know for a fact there is at least one error (tying the AND gate outputs together) that would prevent it working properly.


+5V Supply


Forward: Ground to start running forward.

Reverse: Ground to start running in reverse.

Potentiometer Low: 1M ohm speed control potentiometer.

Potentiometer Wipe + Hi: 1M ohm speed control potentiometer. Tie the wiper to high and connect.

Select Controller: Ground for controller to drive step and direction outputs

Pass Through: Ground to pass Step In to Step Out and Direction In to Direction Out

Step Out: To Gecko Drive.

Direction Out: To Gecko Drive.

Parts List (BOM)

Circuit Board Layout

Here is what the board would look like according to ExpressPCB:

Manual Stepper Controller PC Board Layout

According to their pricing wizard, you could purchase quantities of these boards from them for the following prices:

2 $98.83 = $49.42 per board
4 $116.84 = $29.21 per board
10 $170.86 = $17.09 per board


$352.92 = $11.76 per board

As you can see, there is a significant fixed setup cost, so ordering lots of boards gets the per-board price to go way down. I've also been told by two different individuals that it would be easy to lay this board out for single layer, which would save a lot of costs. I may take a look at that. I can already see some ways to improve on this layout, and I've also been advised of some errors which I'm working on fixing.

Back to E-Leadscrew Home Page...


Step your CNC game up. Join for free like 40,000+ others:


G-Wizard Customers

What do these world-class manufacturers know about

Making CNC faster and easier

that you don't?

Click here to learn their secret






  GW Calculator

  GW Editor



  Deals and Steals











     Feeds and Speeds

     G-Code Tutorial

     CNC Machining & Manufacturing

     Lean Manufacturing

     Cost Estimating Software

     DIY CNC Cookbook

     CNC Dictionary


CNC Projects




     CNC Mill Retrofit

     Plasma Table


      3D Printers




     Machinist's Search


     Online Groups


     Reference Data



     Tool Brands



     Hall of Fame






     Our History

     Cheapskate Page

     Privacy Policy


All material © 2010-2015, CNCCookbook, Inc.