CNCCookbook's G-Code Tutorial and Course

Looking to learn CNC G-Code? Need a quick and easy G-Code Tutorial or G-Code Course? Want some easy G-Code Training? Maybe you just want to learn more about a specific G-Code related topic or see particular G-Code examples. If so, you're in the right place with the CNCCookbook CNC G-Code Course. It's free, it's easy, and it's chock full of good information. This page is the syllabus. The articles are all listed below. There's no need to register, just get started learning at your own pace.

What is G-Code?

G-Code is the language used to control CNC machines. It's one type of CNC programming that CNC programmers use, the other type being CAM programming. Your machine's CNC controller probably executes g-code, although there are other possibilities--Heidenhain, Mazak, and others have proprietary formats. Some machines with proprietary formats can also run g-code. It is the Lingua Franca (working language) of CNC.

In order to make a part on a CNC machine, you tell it how to make the part using a G-Code Program.

Why Learn G-Code?

Every CNC machinist should know g-code. If you're interested in CNC and machining, you should too.

We recently did a survey to assess the g-code skills of our readership. You should not be suprised to learn that many are quite proficient with G-Code:

G-Code Skill Level

We were impressed at how many readers can write g-code programs from scratch. In fact the overwhelming majority read, write, or tweak programs on a regular basis. If you're not yet able to do that, you need to learn. These articles are CNCCookbook's free course in g-code. No matter what stage in g-code learning you are at, you will find the tools to advance to the next stage in these articles. Check them out--it's easy to improve your g-code proficiency and well worth the productivity gains.

What's the Best Way to Learn G-Code?

A little bit at a time, trying out the examples, and in a continuous stream. In other words, find yourself a complete course like this one, start knocking out the lessons, work the exercises, and keep at it. Work at your own pace, and don't move on to the next lesson until you've worked the exercises and understand the material.

Working the exercises is a whole lot easier if you've got some software to help you play with g-code. That's what our G-Code Editor software is all about. It simulates g-code as well as decoding it for you. You can try out different g-codes and see visually what they do. Experimenting is one of the best ways to get a good grasp of g-code. At the end of each section is a Quiz to test your skills. Take the quiz and use the links on the questions to go back and review anything you missed so you'll be solid before continuing to the next section.

We encourage you to sign up for the free 30 day trial--that's plenty long enough to work through all the lessons free of charge. You'll find G-Wizard Editor not only makes it easy to work with g-code and try the exercises in the course, but it has many features designed to make understanding the g-code easier. For example, it offers "Hints", where it takes each line of g-code and explains in plain English what that code does. There's nothing else like it available anywhere. For more information, visit the GW Editor Home page. Or, go head and sign up now for the free 30 days:

 

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The second thing you should do aside from following a course and using a simulator like G-Wizard Editor is to start following some articles about CNC. Getting some random inputs about a variety of topics is another way to help the juices flow. You'll see things that raise questions and get you thinking about the basic concepts in new ways. This helps all of the ideas to connect better. To get a good source of such inspiration you could hardly do better than to subscribe to our own CNCCookbook Blog. We're by far the largest CNC blog on the Internet in terms of readership. We post articles for all levels of knowledge. Signing up is easy--you'll automatically be added to the list if you start the 30-day trial of G-Wizard Editor. Or you can join 40,000 other CNC Enthusiasts by visiting our signup page.

 

 

Table of Contents

Here are the articles available for maximizing your g-code proficiency and providing you with a little CNC programmer training. Included in nearly every article are examples using our CNC Programming Software, G-Wizard Editor.


Basics Every CNC Machinist and CNC Programmer Should Know

Introduction for Beginners: More on what you can do with g-code, basic concepts, and an interactive tool to help you learn faster.

The Coordinate System: Is it a right-handed or left-handed coordinate system?

G-Code Dialects, Post Processors, and Setting Up GWE: The great thing about standards is there are so many to choose from.

MDI: CNC For Manual Machinists: Pretend your CNC is just a manual machine with DRO's and Power Feeds on every axis.

One-Shot G-Codes and Modal G-Codes: Some things in g-code are sticky and others are not.

CNC Editors: Tools of the Trade: CNC Programming Software.

CNC Simulators, Backplots, and Viewers: Getting a Second Opinion

Part Zero, Touch Offs, and Zeroing: Helping the machine understand where the part begins and ends.

Basic G-Code Program Structure: Blocks, sequence numbers, words, addresses, and the basic nuts and bolts of g-code line.

Linear Motion: G00 and G01: Moving your CNC in straight lines.

Circular Arcs: G02 and G03: Moving your CNC along arcs.

Running the GWE G-Code Simulator: Using a G-Code Simulator to view and debug your programs.

Tool Changes and Tool Offsets

    Tool Length Offsets: Something every CNC machinist should know a lot about.

    Tool Data Management: How do you keep up with all your tooling and the compensation information? What about tool presetting?

Basic CNC Lathe Programming

Quiz on Basic GCode Programming: Test yourself with a quick quiz on this section. Each question has links to the answers so you can review what you missed.

 

Intermediate

Relative vs Absolute Moves

Polar Coordinates

Canned Drilling Cycles

Custom Deep Hole Drilling Cycles

G96: Constant Surface Speed Programming

Precise Timing and Speed: Dwell, Exact Stop, Backlash Compensation

The G-Code Coordinate System Pipeline

G20 and G21: Unit Conversions

G54 and G92 Work Offsets: Making multiple parts easily

Helical Interpolation: Making holes bigger than any cutter you've got

Programming Tapping: Rigid Tapping, Tapping heads and Tension Compression Holders

Programming Haas Controls: Haas's unique g-codes and other differences

Thread Milling: How to thread mill, NPT and tapered threads, When to thread mill instead of tapping

 

Intermediate Lathe Programming

Lathe Simple Canned Cycles: G90/G92/G94

Lathe Repetitive Roughing Cycles: The Poor Man's Turning CAM

G71: Rough Turning Cycle: Type I

Using Mill CAM to Create Profiles for Lathe Cycles

G71 Type II: Rough Turning With "Pockets"

G70: Finishing Cycle

G72: Rough Facing Cycle

G73: Pattern Repeating Cycle

Using IF and GOTO for a Poor Man's G71

G75 and Peck Parting Off for Lathes

Lathe Threading Cycles

Gang Tooling for Lathes

 

Advanced

G28: Return to Reference Point

Tool Compensation: The Poor Man's Milling CAM

A Mini-Tutorial on G-Code Macro Programming and Fanuc Macro B:

Parameterized Programming: Macro Variables

Subprograms and Macros: Packaging G-Code Into Building Blocks

Conditions and Looping: Making Decisions and Handling Repetition in G-Code

Accessing Modal Data: Making Subprograms Clean Up After Themselves

Modal Macro Calls

       Macro Example: Digits (Work in progress)

G10: Programming Tool and Work Offsets in G-Code

Scaling the Coordinate System

Rotating the Coordinate System with G68 and G69

Mirroring the Coordinate System

G-Code Scaffolding: Making CAM Better With G-Code Help

       Multiple Part Strategies

              G52: Temporary programmable work offsets

Interacting With the Operator

Tweaking CAM Programs: Right Angle Heads and More

Mill 4th Axis Programming

Lathe C-Axis Machining and Live Tooling

Reference Motions

In-Process Probing

 

Resources

CNCCookbook Blog Posts Relating to GCode Programming: Lots more Tools, Examples, and detailed articles.

G-Wizard Editor: CNC Programming Software for g-coders and a CNC G-Code Simulator. We use it in this course to help teach G-Code.

G-Wizard Calculator: A CNC Machinist's Calculator

G-Code Reference for Mills

G-Code Reference for Turning

Sample G-Code Files: G-Code examples you can download and play with

CAM Toolpath Strategies: Where plunge roughing, trochoidal machining, and other odd beasts are explained.

3D CAM Toolpaths: Learn the ins and outs of which 3D toolpaths to use in which situations.

Rhino Tips: Some of my tips and techniques for being productive with Rhino 3D.

 

 

 

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